Have you ever tried handi chicken? If you have, you would know the difference of the taste of the chicken as compared to what is cooked in normal utensils. In the olden times, people in rural India along with storing water in earthen pots or surahi, also used to cook in clay pots or handi, which was healthy and flavoursome. Earthenware had always been an intrinsic part of Indian households, however, now with different types of utensils available, earthen pots are barely used. You will see many urban households have earthen cum terracotta cutlery as showpieces, but not many like cooking in them as the food cooks slower than usual. However, it is also difficult to get pure clay pots as they are glazed and may be hazardous with constant use. Let us look at some benefits of using clay pots.
Benefits of Using Clay Pots in Cooking
1. Porous in Nature
Clay pot’s porous nature allows both moisture and heat to circulate through the food, which results in slow yet aromatic food. It also retains the nutrition of the food, which is generally lost in other types of utensils. The thermal inertia in clay pots helps meats stay tender and soft as the muscle proteins denature and collagen breaks down completely.
2. Alkaline Nature
Clay is alkaline in nature and it interacts with the acidity in the food, thereby neutralising the pH balance and eventually making food healthier and a lot tastier. It is believed to provide the required minerals including calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus and sulphur that benefits our health.
3. Lesser Usage of Oil
Due to its heat resistance and slow cooking, the food retains all its oils and moisture; therefore, you wouldn’t require extra oil and fat for providing moisture to your food.
4. Ensures Flavourful Food
Due to slow cooking and porous nature of clay pots, the moisture and aroma tends to stay in the pot without losing any nutrient, hence making it flavoursome. It also has an earthy flavour added to it, which we bet you may not get in any other utensil.
5. Inexpensive and Easily Available
No matter how modern times may be, we are sure there are shops that still sell pure and unglazed clay pots. Clay pots are not very expensive, at least not more than any other types of utensil. You can get them in different shapes and sizes without really making a hole in your pocket.
What Kind of Clay Pots to Look Out For
According to the book Diet & Nutrition, A Holistic Approach by Rudolph Ballentine, pottery has been used even longer than iron and grains or beans beaked in an earthenware pot have a remarkable flavour. In India, especially crockery pots are used over the fire. Modern pottery, however, is often glazed with compounds that contain lead. If the glaze is red or yellow and food, especially those which are acidic, are left to stand in contact with glazed surfaces, it may leach out some of the lead or cadmium and contaminate the food.
As per Ayurveda expert Dr. Sandeep Madan from Aastha Ayurvedic Clinic, “In modern times, I wouldn’t suggest anyone to use clay pots majorly because they are glazed with substances that contain lead, mercury and many others that can be hazardous for health. If you manage to get an unglazed and pure earthen pot, you can start cooking in them after soaking them in water for some time.
It is difficult to get products in their purest form, but it isn’t impossible. If you really want to start cooking in clay pots, make sure you do not buy any glazed or polished one, rather try and find unglazed ones. If you get your hands on them, you wouldn’t want to miss the earthy flavours of food and surely never want to go back to other utensils.